Category Archives: Landscape Design

FIELD NOTES – Living Fences Speak Volumes


What’s that old saying in the Robert Frost poem? “Good Fences make good neighbors”. Well, I don’t believe it. Quite often, putting up an instant barrier with a structural fence sends a different message to your neighbors or passers by. “Going Green” for privacy is the alternative to soften the message.

Fence “structures” do have their place. You know – picket, lattice, board, stacked,  post & rail, stockade and (God forbid) chain link. Having installed many of these for my clients, I’m not saying they aren’t useful. They certainly do the job to contain running kids, keep the dog in the yard and  unwanted critters out, add a safety barrier around a pool, and (best of all) create an instant screen to block a bad view. In other words, often necessary in the neighborhood landscape.

But, before the first post hole goes in the ground, consider this… a Living Fence. If you want to create an pleasurable outdoor living space, a garden room for tranquility or a transition space that you’ll  enjoy passing through each day, the Living Fence should be your choice over a structural fence.  An impressive article by Cynthia Kling,  “LIVING FENCES – Pushing the boundaries of the hedge and its role in the modern-day garden”  (Garden Design, March 2013), really got me excited about the many alternatives and reminded me of the many I’ve introduced into my client’s landscapes.

These property line screens are used, instead of fences, to create “Green Walls” between neighboring yards in residential neighborhoods.




KING - Pond Screen, Green Giant Arbovitae








Below – An effective privacy planting used to screen the required pool fencing in a residential neighborhood.

SPERO-HALL - Pool Screen from neighbor yard

SPERO-HALL - Pool Screen from drive-street

This weekend, my friend and I visited the Lincoln, Franconia, Sugar Hill areas of New Hampshire and were lucky enough to stumble upon the Annual Lupine Festival. What a treat to catch the last 2 days of this 20 year event.  Knowing we were welcome to wander and explore the many fields of wild Lupines along the roadways and farmlands (private property, I’m sure) brought me full circle in thinking about fences. DON’T FENCE ME IN is my new mantra. Take a look…

Lupine Festival, Sugar Hill, NH 1 2013

The Frost Place, Sugar Hill, NH View 1 2013

Lupine Festival, Sugar Hill, NH 2 2013

Lupine Festival, Sugar Hill, NH 3 2013

Lupine Festival, Sugar Hill, NH 4 2013

Getting back to Robert Frost. On the back roads of Sugar Hill, NH,  we also  visited The Frost Place, one of Frost’s homes. For a short period of time, he lived with his family and wrote here. The house was nestled in a serene setting of trees overlooking the White Mountains. 

The Frost Place, Sugar Hill, NH Sign 2013

The Frost Place, Sugar Hill, NH House 1 2013

The Frost Place, Sugar Hill, NH House 2 2013

The Frost Place, Sugar Hill, NH View 2 2013

Seeing the view and wandering the paths through fields behind the house (without a fence in sight), it’s hard to believe he said such a thing, “Good fences make good neighbor’s”. I think not!

Explore the possibilities-

Increase Your Homes Privacy with plants

Hedge Shrubs

Hedge Plants




FIELD NOTES: Let’s Talk Rain Gardens

Last winter, 60 inches of snow had fallen on Boston by this point in time.  Snow plowing contractors aren’t very happy this season…but, I’m OK with the 8 inches we’ve had so far. This brings to mind the usual spring thaw and runoff. So let’s talk Rain Gardens.

Hard to believe it’s been 22 years since the first Rain Garden  was built in the state of Maryland to replicate the natural bio-retention systems that had disappeared with the development of the land. But lucky for us, guidelines were developed and monitoring over the years led to improved designs of these plant systems for infiltration and bio-retention of stormwater runoff.

In recent years, many states and towns have adopted Stormwater Regulations and Bylaws to limit and monitor pre-existing and future connections to Municipal Storm Sewer Systems. In an effort to control pollutants, flow amounts and soil erosion – industry, commercial and residential discharge connections to the Municipal Storm Sewer System (MS4) must now be permitted. My town, Ipswich, MA, has issued an official notice (to residents, businesses and developers) with a compliance schedule to be met within 4 years. Rain Gardens are one of many Low Impact Development techniques  (LID) that can be implemented for stormwater management.  Not only are Rain Gardens adding beauty to cities, towns and neighborhoods, they are environmentally friendly, an alternative to concrete drywells, and are now considered an acceptable “lot drainage system” in connection to the MS4.

My first Rain Garden project, back  in 2007, was designed for the Ipswich River Watershed Association (IRWA) at their headquarters at Riverbend. Working with the IRWA staff, interns, volunteers and contractor, we installed a Double Rain Garden. Its size was calculated to handle the amount of water flow from the building roof, access ramp, parking area and driveway and to filter out chemicals and pollutants before the water flowed into the Ipswich River, located downhill from the building and Rain Garden.

Preparing the soil mix in holes on the sloped gradeRain Garden installation completed



Newly planted Double Rain Garden at IRWA

Double Rain Garden located on a slope to capture rainwater runoff

Rain Garden plants filling in - Year 2

Using native plants in a Rain Garden attracts wildlife

Maintenance of a Rain Garden is similar to any garden. Some initial watering is required to establish the planting, depending on rainfall. Weeding on a regular basis keeps the plants thriving, limits competition and is required for keeping out invasive species. Dividing perennials is typically required the 3rd or 4th year after planting.

Dividing perennials in the IRWA Rain Garden last fall

IRWA staff and Volunteers have always helped maintain the Native Plant, Demonstration and Rain Gardens at IRWA. Last fall they helped divide perennials and ferns in the Rain Garden to  maintain the integrety of the original design. 

Another residential project included a Rain Garden in a backyard bordering the Ipswich River on a neighboring street from mine. The positon and shape of the Rain Garden was critical to capture water flowing over the sloped grade behind the car port and from half of the house roof using Rain Chains the homeowner had connected to the gutters. The plants selected are a magnet for butterflys, dragonflys, and birds from the adjacent river habitat.

Rain Garden filtering pollutants from pavement and lawns to keep our river clean

Attract wildlife to the Rain Garden using native plants

Both Rain Garden projects were located within the wetland buffer of the river, necessitating the use of native plant materials. As most natives are tolerant of both wet and dry growing conditions and attract wild life, they are ideal for a Rain Garden habitat. Local Conservation Commissions are very receptive to installing Rain Gardens, whenever possible, as a solution to water management on an appropriate site.

Combine native shrubs and perennials, tolorant of wet and dry conditions

If a natural depression occurs in your yard, a Rain Garden could be the ideal solution for a faster rate of water absorption in that area.

 To learn more-

Benefits of a Rain Garden

Protect our Water Resources

Massachusetts Watershed Coalition

SmartRivers Program – Storm Water Management in Washigton, DC

Why Every City Should Be Planting Rain Gardens

Case Study – School Rain Garden in Portland Oregon

Read about-

Rain Gardens – book

Mini Rain Garden Planter

Homeowner How-T0-Guide